Laboratory: Clinical Biochemistry
Test Name:
UREA - (U)
Test Code: UU
Clinical Information:
Urea is the major end product of protein and amino acid metabolism. It is synthesized by the urea cycle in the liver from ammonia which is produced by amino acid deamination. It is excreted primarily by the kidneys.
Determination of urea is widely used as a screening test for renal function. When used in conjunction with creatinine it can aid in the differential diagnosis of pre-renal, renal and post-renal hyperuremia.
To calculate the total amount of nitrogen excreted per day in mg, multiply the 24 h urea excretion in mmols by a factor of 28.

 
Collection Devices:
Collect 24 h urine without preservative. Must be collected and stored refrigerated.  Collection & storage at room temperature is not acceptable.
Random urine specimens must be stored refrigerated.
Similar lab approved leak-proof containers acceptable.
Specimen Required:
Urine: 3.0 mL

Stability 7 days refrigerated, 1 month frozen
Referral:
Urine: 3.0 mL

Stability 7 days refrigerated, 1 month frozen.
Collect 24 h urine without preservative. Must be collected and stored refrigerated.  Collection & storage at room temperature is not acceptable.
Random urine specimens must be stored refrigerated.
Requisition:
Reference Values:
430 - 710 mmol/d
(mmol/d x 28 = mg of nitrogen/d)             (mmol/d x 60 = mg urea/d)
Availability:
Weekdays
See Also:
More Information:
If random urine, specify.  Random urine specimens must be stored refrigerated.
If 24h urine, measure and record volume.   Must be collected and stored refrigerated.  Collection & storage at room temperature is not acceptable. 
Urine Collection Container, Random 100 mL
Manufacturer: Starplex Scientific Inc. (Etobicoke, ON)

Catalogue #: 3008-1