Laboratory: Clinical Biochemistry
Test Name:
Test Code: TG
Clinical Information:
Test Indications: Triglycerides are synthesized by the liver and also derived from the diet. Increased triglycerides indicate a metabolic abnormality and, along with elevated cholesterol, are a risk factor for atherosclerotic disease. Triglyceride testing is used in combination with cholesterol determination for atherosclerotic risk assessment as well as in the diagnosis and monitoring of lipid and lipoprotein metabolic disorders.
An individual’s level of risk for cardiovascular disease associated with their lipoprotein profile should be managed according to current practice guidelines. Therapy thresholds and targets are based on current guidelines.

Guideline for Adults (>18 yr):
2016 Canadian Cardiovascular Society Guidelines for the Management of Dyslipidemia for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in the Adult. Can J Cardiol. 2016 Nov;32(11):1263-1282. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2016.07.510. Epub 2016 Jul 25.
Guideline for Pediatric, Adolescents (<18 yr):
Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents Summary Report. NIH Publication No. 12-7486A. October 2012.  Pediatrics  2011 Dec;128 Suppl 5:S213-56. doi: 10.1542/peds.2009-2107C. Epub 2011 Nov 14.

Patient Preparation Instructions: Non-fasting sample is acceptable.
For adults, if fasting sample is required, fast for 8 hours.
For infants, if fasting sample is required collect just before next feeding.
Collection Devices:
Specimen Required:

Plasma: 2.0 mL
Pediatric Plasma: 0.2 mL

Stability 10 days refrigerated, 3 months frozen
Serum: 2.0 mL

Samples must be transferred to an aliquot tube and stored frozen if analysis will not be complete within 48 hours (#110-10-05 Serum / Plasma Separation Procedure & Transport)
Reference Values:
Non-fasting:  < 2.0 mmol/L
Fasting:         < 1.7 mmol/L
Children (< 18 yrs)
               < 1.5 mmol/L
Stat or Routine
See Also:
More Information: