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Laboratory: Clinical Biochemistry  (SPECIAL CHEMISTRY)
Test Name:
Test Code: TPMP
Clinical Information:
Alternate Name(s): TPMT ACTIVITY (RBC)
Description: Determining a patient's TPMT status prior to starting therapy with a thiopurine drug is important for purposes of calculating the optimal drug dosage.
Individuals with low TPMT activity are at risk for life-threatening severe hematopoietic toxicity, while individuals with high TPMT activity present therapeutic resistance to the thiopurine drugs and may develop hepatotoxicity when taking thiopurine drugs (azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, or 6-thioguanine).
Patient preparation instructions: TPMT activity must be measured prior to RBC transfusion to avoid false indication. If not possible, TPMT genotyping for only the common variants may be used to screen for patients at high risk of thiopurine drug induced toxicity.
Collection Devices:
EDTA tubes (whole blood) smaller than 4 mL is acceptable as long as the hemoglobin level is provided.

Transport specimen to lab on ice (to prevent specimen from freezing, wrap specimen in paper towel and place on ice). Patients should be tested prior to azathioprine or 6-MP administration.

Specimen Required:
Whole Blood: 2.0 mL
Pediatric Whole Blood: 0.5 mL

Collection Information: 
1. Invert several times to mix blood.
2. Send whole blood specimen in original tube.
Special Processing: Do not centrifuge. Do not freeze.
Specimen Stability: 
Ambient: N/A
Refrigerated: 8 days
Frozen: Unacceptable 

Out of the province samples MUST be accompanied by hemoglobin result (report) from the same day collection and sent along with the specimen. Hemoglobin report MUST be attached to the requisition and sent along with the specimen

Whole Blood: 2.0 mL
Pediatric Whole Blood: 1.0 mL

EDTA tubes (whole blood) smaller than 4 mL is acceptable as long as the hemoglobin level is provided.
Pediatric Volume: 1.0 mL (0.4 mL is required for testing)
Shipping & Storage: Send in original collection tube. Store and ship refrigerated. Prevent blood from freezing – do not place directly on ice.
Testing Laboratory (MB): HSC
Reference Values:
ActivityValue (nmol/g Hb/h)

Individuals with low TPMT activity are at high risk of bone marrow toxicity with standard thiopurine dosing.
Method of Analysis: Enzymatic / UPLC-Fluorescence

Within 1 Week
See Also:
More Information:
Interpretation & Assay Interferences: TPMT enzyme activity can be inhibited by several drugs and may contribute to falsely low results. Patients should discontinue drugs for at least 48 hours prior to TPMT testing: naproxen, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, furosemide (Lasix), sulfasalazine (Azulfidine), mesalamine (Asacol), olsalazine (Dipentum), mefenamic acid (Ponstel), trimethoprim (Proloprim), methotrexate, thiazide diuretics, and benzoic acid inhibitors.